J Vukovic, BC Jones, LM DeBruine, AC Little, DR Feinberg & LLM Welling (2009). Circum-menopausal changes in women's face preferences. Biology Letters, 5(1): 62-64. doi: 10.1098/rsbl.2008.0478

Menopause results in a marked change in a woman's hormonal profile that affects many aspects of behavior. We investigated circum-menopausal women's preferences for femininity in the faces of young adult men and women. Post-menopausal women demonstrated stronger preferences for femininity in same-sex faces than pre-menopausal women did. This effect was independent of possible effects of participant age and suggests that dislike of feminine (i.e., attractive) same-sex competitors decreases as fertility decreases. No significant difference between pre- and post-menopausal women was observed for men's faces, potentially because circum-menopausal women do not necessarily view young adult men as potential mates. To our knowledge, this is the first study to demonstrate circum-menopausal changes in women’s face preferences.

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