M Kandrik & LM DeBruine (2012). Self-rated attractiveness predicts preferences for opposite-sex faces, while self-rated sex-typicality predicts preferences for same-sex faces. European Human Behaviour and Evolution Association in Durham, UK. March 2012.
Several studies have reported positive correlations between womenís own attractiveness and their mate preferences. A recent study also reported a similar correlation between menís mate preferences and their own self-rated attractiveness. Surprisingly, however, relatively little is known about the relationship between measures of own condition and menís and womenís attractiveness judgments of same-sex individuals. Here, we investigated how menís and womenís self-rated attractiveness and self-rated sex-typicality predict their preferences for exaggerated sex-typical shape cues in both same-sex and opposite-sex faces.
1000 women and 1000 men rated their own attractiveness and sex-typicality on 1Ė7 Likert scales. They also selected the more attractive face from 20 pairs of male faces and 20 pairs of female faces, where one face in each pair had a feminised shape and the other had a masculinised shape.
Replicating previous findings, we showed that both men and women who judged themselves as more attractive had stronger preferences for exaggerated sex-typical shape cues in opposite-sex faces. Additionally, we showed a novel relationship between self-rated sex-typicality and perceptions of same-sex, but not opposite-sex, faces; people who judged themselves as possessing more exaggerated sex-typical traits had stronger preferences for exaggerated sex-typical shape cues in same-sex faces.
Our findings provide further support for models of condition-dependent mate preferences in both women and men. Additionally, while self-rated attractiveness appears to be an important predictor of menís and womenís preferences for potential mates, self-rated sex-typicality appears to be a more important predictor of menís and womenís preferences for potential social allies.
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